Written July 29th, 2016 | Edited: 1st March 2019
“What is it that you desire?”
That’s Lucifer’s catchphrase from the Fox series by the same name. Lucifer is perhaps among the most popular mythological characters ever to make it into modern mass media, be it serials, movies, video games, anime, books or anything you can imagine (the only ones more popular would be the Greek gods).
Not just media; Lucifer has been a crucial figure of countless beliefs and philosophies, especially in occult in this Age of Information (or whatever you choose to call the current age). Lucifer is an extremely powerful entity, that all magicians can work with, regardless of your system.
I should mention, this is based on personal experience. I’m by no means a satanist, black magician, left hand practitioner or Luciferian, nor am i Wiccan, a light worker or a right hand practitioner. I’m not going to impose my personal beliefs on you, or get into the philosophical debate surrounding his origins and nature. There are some things man cannot comprehend yet, so i’ll leave that stuff to others. You may choose to think of him as the Lord of Hell, a pagan deity, an angel or just a spiritual force.
What is important here is the way to invoke the spirit Lucifer, and my experience with him. I hope that by reading this you can plan your own invocation, and benefit from him. I’m sure Lucifer will be happy that i’m spreading the word about him.
I cannot guarantee that your experience will be the same. The best way to learn is by actually calling him, if you wish to. The choice is yours.
Abrahamic History on Lucifer
There’s no way I can go into the entire history of Lucifer in mythology, or I’d be typing hundreds of pages. I’ll touch on the main points, which you should then research in your own time. Familiarising yourself with the spirit being invoked is very important, and everything’s there on the internet if you know where (and how) to look.
The first instance of him is in the old Hebrew Bible, where the word helel is mentioned, literally meaning light bearer. In Greek, this became heosphorus/phosphorus, the bringer of dawn/light, and finally Lucifer, in Latin, meaning morning star. These are all commonly associated with Lucifer. The titled Helel ben Shahar is also used.
This name was being used for the King of Babylon (whom the monotheists hated), probably Nebuchadnezzar II. It talked about how he had fallen to Earth. Interestingly, this name became like a title, and was also used for John the Baptist and Jesus himself! Overtime, it came to be the name of the Devil when he was an angel, before his fall, although the Bible does not mention “Lucifer” in it’s long list of the devil’s names, most of which were names of pagan gods. The fact that there have been at least two bishops in history named Lucifer, would indicate that once upon a time it was a common Catholic name (not to mention Jesus and John).
In the Hebrew version of Revelation Jesus calls himself helel. They normally write “I Jesus, am the Bright Morning Star” in modern English versions. What this means, is up to you to decide.
Note that Lucifer was never the same as Satan. Shaytan is the Islamic name for the devil, taken from Judaism. Both Islam and Judaism have a different story of the devil from Christianity, usually deciding that it is the Archangel Samael. Keep in mind that initially the Abrahamic holy scriptures were a vast, convoluted plethora of original and stolen myths, and took centuries of reinterpretation to arrive at the holy books we have today. The more I go into it, the more confusing it gets.
One important thing I should mention is that the Hebrew Bible does say “Satan himself is transformed into an Angel of light” but modern translations say “masquerades” instead of “transformed”. You should check out Eliphas Levi’s work on Lucifer for more on that. This may be a reference to the alchemical process. The implications are very deep.
Pagan and Occult Lucifer
Contrary to popular belief among new agers, Lucifer is NOT the Babylonian Sun god. That would be Shamash. In early new age Witchcraft, Lucifer was considered the sun god and counterpart of the moon goddess of Diana. In pagan mythology, this was normally her brother Apollo. They did get the part about Lucifer being Solar right though.
Lucifer is only mentioned by name in the Sibylline Books, which the Romans used for prophecy. It says he fights in the Battle of the Constellations on the back of Leo (thus the association with Sun). This might be where the idea of the Antichrist riding the Great Beast comes from. The Great beast is often depicted as a lion, and one of the names of the Antichrist is Appolyon, a name for Apollo. You see a pattern yet?
I’m not saying the Christian stories aren’t referring to important archetypes. Of course they are, like all other mythology. But the Christians chose to present their scripture using distorted pagan symbolism. For example, they could have used any Hebrew/latin names for evil and destructive forces, but they chose the names of Pagan deities. They could have shown their symbolic tyrants as fictional Kings, but they chose known Kings of enemy Kingdoms like Ramses II or Nebuchadnezzar. A big chunk of the confusion comes from the willingness of Abrahamists in the olden days to distort facts in order to attain political goals. And hey, I get: they were pretty persecuted under pagan rule, but we have to be very careful with names. Often, when Christians use words like Appolyon, their referring to something very different than what Greeks meant when they said “Apollo”.
Other than early Witchcraft and Eliphas Levi, both hailing Lucifer as the Morning Star and Bringer of Light, he is also mentioned by John Weyer, who lists him as a Crown Prince of Hell. He is mentioned in the Goetia as well, at least in Mathers’ version, but only once, in the section about King Paimon.
In early Catholic demonology, he was one of the seven Crown Princes of Hell, but eventually demonology fell out of favour in Christianity, and all the princes were condensed into one “Devil” for the sake of convenience.
Rudolf Steiner placed him as the Light, and the adversary of Ahriman, a Zoroastrian spirit of everything evil and unholy: the Darkness.
Lucifer is also there in the Enochian System, you just need to look for it. The name itself in associated with ‘brightness’ in Enochian.
And in the good ol’ Tree of Light, Crowley and his contemporaries put a being called Lucifuge in the Qliphoth. This name means “he who flees from the light” as oppossed the name Lucifer, “he who brings the light”.
EDIT (2019): I have a post on Lucifuge. Lucifuge is not Lucifer, but the two are connected. Click here
The most important would, of course, be the Grimoire Verum, in which his seals and invocation are given. In this book, the seals of other princes like Leviathan, Beelzebuth etc are also given. This is about all the reading material I can personally give you.
My current personal opinion on Lucifer is given at the very end of all three parts.